“We have to be ‘objective,’ but objectivity can only be about what exists; you cannot be objective about what doesn’t yet exist.”—big mike
In this episode:
00:00 What is a revolution in the flow of history? What does history have to do with what is possible, or rather, what is thought to be possible?
11:09 How do ‘bourgeois’ historians do history in a way that makes present concepts seem eternal or ahistorical (e.g. the ‘market’)? If bourgeois historians are attempting to merely ‘describe’ the past, what are the descriptive laws a socialist historian uses to tell history? What is history really about for a socialist?
22:03 How can history itself be a practice? What is the purpose of the practice of history? If history is a practice with certain goals, can it still be objective? Is bourgeois history objective?
31:00 What are the hidden premises and aims of bourgeois history? What does it have to do with assumptions about counterfactual situations (i.e., “if x didn’t happen, then y…”)
and how does this limit or expand our sense of what’s possible?
40:58 How are we meant to deal with history in educational institutions? How should history be taught to young people so they can go on to solve problems?
G.W.F. Hegel, The Phenomenology of Spirit
Phillip Pettit, On the People’s Terms: A Republican Theory and Model of Democracy